Tuesday, December 18

Bierce's Franklin

When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, Ambrose Bierce, formerly a student of Architecture, History, and Latin at the Kentucky Military Institute, had aimlessly drifted into itinerant life as a waiter and day-laborer. Out of sheer boredom he enlisted in the Ninth Indiana Infantry and for the next four years he was anything but bored as he was thrown into the maelstrom of the terrible battles of Shiloh, Picketts’s Mill, Chickamunga, and Franklin.

The experience provoked him to begin keeping a journal—and ultimately those battlefield musings became the basis for some of his greatest literary works including “The Crime at Pickett’s Mill” (1888), “A Son of the Gods” (1888), “The Coup de GrĂ¢ce” (1889), “Chickamauga” (1889), “The Affair at Coulter’s Notch” (1889), “Parker Adderson, Philosopher and Wit” (1891), “A Horseman in the Sky” (1891), “Two Military Executions” (1906), and his hauntingly provocative short story, “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” (1890). In 1891 his collection Tales of Soldiers and Civilians was published gathering all these works together in a single volume.

Bierce went on to become one of the great iconic writers of the day, standing shoulder to shoulder with Mark Twain, Henry Adams, and Stephen Crane.

My friend Bing Davis recently drew my attention to a previously uncollected Bierce journal entry from his years as a soldier. His eyewitness reminiscences of the Battle of Franklin tell the story of the five bloodiest hours of the entire war on November 30, 1864. With economy, irony, and cinematic clarity the short piece, What Occurred at Franklin, already shows the young writer’s promise and affords a rare glimpse into one of the most tragic engagements in all of American history.


Lawrence Underwood said...

Excellent writing. The Battle of Franklin was at the same time one of the most glorious and tragic days of Confederate history. Thanks for sharing that piece. Another intriguing, and all together different in style, memoir of the common soldier is 'Company Aytch' by Sam Watkins. A new edition of it is just out.

gileskirk said...

Lawrence: Yes, Company Aytch is a book that every student of the War Between the States must read at one time of another. It regularly goes on my required reading lists for students when we're covering those terribly uncivil days in our nation's history.

Lawrence Underwood said...

Dr. George your students are getting educated! Another memoir, of sorts, that is worth the read is, 'From That Terrible Field'. It is the collection of letters, mostly to his wife, from a soldier in the 21st Alabama Infantry Regiment. Very interesting reading dealing with an aspect of the war that is rarely studied-blown out regiments (they were almost destroyed at the Hornet's Nest) who were then garrisoned at a major port for its protection. Another interesting tidbit is that Williams was from the North shortly before the CSA was born.